The Disappearing spoon and other true tales from the periodic table by Sam Kean is an award winning book of popular science, looking at the periodic table. It's not the first such book I have read and although I did not understand all of it by any means, I find the whole story fascinating. Sam Kean is a typically atheistic scientist and so he cannot see how it all points to God but it seemed to me that any with eyes to see it must be strengthened in their faith by considering the knowledge such books contain. The disappearing spoon, of course, is made of gallium. See here. In the original Godzilla the missile that kills the monster is tipped with cadmium, which is explained here too. As for why Gandhi hated iodine, another fact touted on the book's cover - see here to learn how Gandhi's influence means that to this day many Indians suffer iodine deficiencies. Fascinating book, well wortha read.
Bonhoeffer uses a similar phrase 'worldly Christianity'. It's J Gresham Machen that I want to line up most closely with. See his Christianity and culture here. Having done commentaries on Proverbs (Heavenly Wisdom) and Song of Songs (Heavenly Love), a matching title for Ecclesiastes would be Heavenly Worldliness. For my stance on worldliness, see 3 posts here.