The book (on Repentance) was first published in 1826, and published by the Banner of Truth in 1965. As I started reading through it I could not fathom why they let this little gem go out of print. Well the good news from Jonathan Watson at the Banner is that they will be republishing the book later this year.
Colquhoun wrote the following words about "evangelical" as opposed to natural or legal repentance:
He feels bitter remorse, unfeigned sorrow, and deep self-abhorrence for the aggravated transgressions of his life, and the deep depravity of his nature; chiefly, because by all his innumerable provocations he had dishonoured an infinitely holy and gracious God, transgressed a law which is "holy, just and good," and defiled, deformed and even destroyed his own precious soul.
This godly sorrow for sin and this holy abhorrence of it arise from a spiritual discovery of pardoning mercy with God in Christ, and from the exercise of trusting in his mercy.
And these feelings and exercises are always accompanied by an unfeigned love of universal holiness, and by fixed resolutions and endeavours to turn from all iniquity to God and to walk before him in newness of life.
Such, in general is the nature of that evangelical repentance, to the habit and exercise of which the Lord Jesus calls sinners who hear the Gospel.
Repentance, p. 10
Here is the inscription from Colquhoun's gravestone:
Having studied deeply the Doctrines of
Grace, and experienced their saving and
He laboured earnestly and affectionately
to communicate the knowledge of them
to his Fellow Sinners.
As an Author his chief aim was to advance
the Glory of the Saviour.
In private he exhibited the effects of the
holy Doctrines he inculcated in public by
a close walk with God;
And by a kind affable and humble deportment
towards all men.
And in these several ways his labours
were acknowledged of God,
by whom they were blessed to many.
He was faithful unto death
has now received the Crown of Life.
I noticed it was the 108th anniversary of Queen Victoria's death last Thursday (22nd) then I heard this Kinks number on the radio and thought you might enjoy this live version. Wikipedia says it's a Ray Davies number, the opening track of the 1969 concept album Arthur (or the decline and fall of the British Empire) and a largely unsuccessful single.
In the satirical style Davies had become known for in earlier works, the lyrics juxtapose the paternalist aspirations of Empire in the Victorian age, "Land of my Victoria/Land of hope and gloria", with the grim reality of life in Britain during the 19th Century, "Sex was bad and obscene/And the rich were so mean". It expresses the simple adulation of queen and country found among the working class, "Though I am poor, I am free/When I grow I shall fight/For this land I shall die".
The original starts with a simple electric blues riff under the lyrics, and builds to an exuberant climax with brass and strings at the "Land of hope and gloria" bridge. The play-out features brass, heavy rock guitar and raucous background vocals from Dave Davies. A "psychedelic" effect is achieved by use of an Indian style drone.
A version by The Kooks will be on the War child charity album, Heroes next month.
Institutes 3.19 (I think I've used two different translations here)
Let them, therefore, suppress immoderate desire, immoderate profusion, vanity, and arrogance, that they may use the gifts of God purely with a pure conscience. When their mind is brought to this state of soberness, they will be able to regulate the legitimate use. On the other hand, when this moderation is wanting, even plebeian and ordinary delicacies are excessive. For it is a true saying, that a haughty mind often dwells in a coarse and homely garb, while true humility lurks under fine linen and purple. Let every one then live in his own station, poorly or moderately, or in splendour; but let all remember that the nourishment which God gives is for life, not luxury, and let them regard it as the law of Christian liberty, to learn with Paul in whatever state they are, “therewith to be content,” to know “both how to be abased,” and “how to abound,” “to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need,” (Phil. 4:11).
What sort of sentence is Romans 8:13? A conditional one. The if is not an if of doubt but of connection. Put sin to death and you will live.
Who is addressed? Brothers. All Christians.
Consider what you are not obliged to do.
Consider the warning added for you.
Observe what you are obliged to do. NB Body = Body or sinful nature Misdeeds of = Both outward and inward sins Put to death Picture language = deprive of life force. The power of sin was utterly destroyed on the cross but we must carry the work to perfection.
Observe the promise held out for you – Life. Ie the very opposite of death - not merely the essence of it but the joy and comfort it gives
Observe the method you need to employ By the Spirit
1 While we are on earth remaining sin is present, so it must always be put to death
2 Sin is both with us and active in us, struggling to do what the sinful nature desires
3 If ignored remaining sin leads to life-dominating, soul destroying sins
4 This is one of the main reasons why we have the Holy Spirit
5 Otherwise grace will wither and sin will flourish
1. Sanctification is spoken about in two ways in the New Testament
Definitive sanctification. It is like a full stop in that it is once and for all. It happens at the beginning of Christian life. All believers are definitively set apart to God. They are consecrated now to the Lord.
Progressive sanctification. This is more like a continuous line. It goes on throughout the Christian life and is only complete at death.
Christ did not die simply to make believers right with God and forgive sins. No, always his intention was their sanctification.
Elect. We can't peer into the mists of eternity and know who is elect but we know election is to holiness, Eph 1:4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy ....
Born again. 1 John 3:9 No-one who is born of God will continue to sin, because God's seed remains in him; he cannot go on sinning, because he has been born of God.
United to Christ. John 15:5 If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit.
Spirit anointed. If there are no waves it is be casue there is no wind; if there is no-one writing, there will be no signature.
4. Sanctification is something that if it happens to you
1 Capable of growth and development. Believers are to grow in grace.
2 Dependent on your diligent use of the means of grace – Bible reading, prayer, church, etc.
3 Compatible with an ongoing struggle.
4 Necessary to prepare you for heaven. J C Ryle ‘Most men hope to go to heaven but few, it may be feared, take the trouble to consider whether they would enjoy heaven if they got there.’
Workman strangles attacking leopard
A drill operator who was attacked at a mineral exploration site in the Kalahari Desert by a leopard fought back against the animal and eventually strangled it.
Frik van Heerden, 35, nursing painful bites and scratches at his home in Bothaville in South Africa’s Free State province described the attack 10 days ago deep in Botswana. He said he was walking the short distance from his caravan home to another trailer used as an office ‘when I heard a noise and spun round. As I did so, a leopard pounced on me.’
His shouts alerted his wife, Alta and their two young sons, but they could do nothing to help as Mr van Heerden wrestled for his life.
‘I punched and fought with it but I could not get it off me’ he said. ‘I did not know what I was doing but I suppose the survival instinct took over. Somehow I managed to grab its throat and eventually I felt it go limp. I had strangled it’
Mrs van Heerden radioed for help and her husband was flown by helicopter to hospital in Gaborone, the Botswanan capital He will be returning to work soon.
Leopards, known as silent killers, are solitary beasts and regarded as among the most dangerous by wildlife experts. They circle their prey and attack from behind. The animal that attacked Mr van Heerden probably was attracted to the family’s camp by the smell of food.
2. We should have an attitude that serves submissively in obedience to God
3. We should have an attitude that patiently waits in humility to be exalted in due time by God
4. We should have an attitude that puts first the cause of God
5. We should have an attitude that is motivated by the glory of God
He reminded us, for example, that we can sum up Reformed Theology by saying “If we do any good it is due to God's grace. If we do evil, it is our fault.” He reminded us that election does not exclude human responsibility. In passing, he noted that Romans 9:1 is a clear example of praying for unbelievers. He also said that he believes in a coming revival for the Jews from the passage but did not really flesh that out. Dutchman Kees Van Kralingen chaired. It was good to hear from him that the 1689 Confession is about to be translated into Dutch.
After coffee, Bill James chaired Tom and Jerry (! ie Schreiner and Marcellino) in a question session. People wanted to ask Tom Schreiner about the new perspective and one or two other things. We heard from Jerry Marcellino about his escape from "Al Martinism" and the formation of FIRE . In the course of explaining himself he said a number of things about his present church in Laurel, Mississippi, including the fact that they do not have an evening service. This led to a brief (and in my opinion inadequate) discussion of the Lord's Day. Anyway very soon it was time for lunch.
Three EMF students - Sergey, Jack and Andreas (from Ukraine, Poland and Switzerland respectively)
Erroll Hulse (unable to be at all of the conference) spoke about Conferences for African pastors in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Another Sergey from Ukraine who is a student in WEST.
Three LTS students - Phil, Clinton and Femi (from the UK, South Africa and Nigeria respectively)
Roger Fay also introduced Slava Viazovski who is involved in literature work in Belarus, where EP hold conferences and where it is hoped that a seminary can be begun.
By the time I got back to Swanwick, Jerry Marcellino was well into his second paper on finishing well. His burden seemed to be the importance of persevering to the end. He emphasised faithfulness not success. His style seemed a little sentimental to me and less theologically toned than yesterday but I missed the first half of the talk so I can't say.
I stayed up rather late unwinding with several people. It eventually dwindled down to me and Phil Arthur. It was a good time.
Things have moved on since Whitcomb and Morris but there are still things to criticise. There are bad creationist books, etc. Often very negative, simply anti-evolutionary. Better to be positive. There are research journals and other efforts have been made simply to do research on a creationist model. New creationism (cf Paul Garner's book by that title) involves new people working in their own special fields. Eg John Baumgarten an expert in plate tectonics; Kurt Wise (who did his PhD with Stephen Jay Gould) a palaeontologist, etc. Such people are working as teams. They seek to be positive. Simply rubbishing evolutionists is not helpful. It is better to give a better model, one true to the Word. (A model is a story to explain something). Creationists have been developing various models. There are not only new models but also new questions. Eg carbon dating a diamond, looking for mica in the grand canyon where it is not supposed to be. It is real science. A model can only be consistent or inconsistent with the Bible, which is not a scientific textbook.
3. The Bible
There is a new landscape here too. We tend to think there is nothing new to say but some of the biblical arguments need developing, in part because we have been asking the wrong questions. There is a sense in which we can forget Genesis, which is pretty straightforward. Romans is perhaps more important. The Gospel Coalition helpfully emphasises Creation - fall - redemption - restoration in a way that sometimes has not been done in the past. We live in a biblically illiterate age and we need to press the story line. This is where we really come into conflict with Darwinism. Three crucial doctrines that are particularly pertinent to the matter of origins are whether
There was agony or death before Adam; Adam was a real human being; Noah's flood was a worldwide deluge
Dr Lloyd (as at the John Owen Conference back in September) concentrated on the first issue only (he has something in print soon). If we try and make the biblical story cohere with the Darwinian one the biblical story becomes incoherent and disjointed. For example, to say cancer is part of the original creation is problematic in many,many ways.
The media is interested in Darwinism because people are interested. Despite general apathy there is a great interest generally in the subject of origins. So we can't avoid it. Further we should turn it to our advantage. It can unite rather than divide. It is also not a problem evangelistically and can be helpful pastorally too. Now is a good time for debate. What Dr Lloyd did then was to helpfully update us on three areas of the debate where the cultural and scientific landscape has changed – the intelligent design movement, creationism and biblical understanding.
1. Intelligent Design
The movement began in the USA through lawyer Philip Johnson. On a sabbatical in Oxford, still then unconverted, he bought and read Dawkins' Blind Watchmaker and Michal Denton's Evolution - Theory in crisis). He saw that the debate was not a scientific one by definition. He pointed out the circularity of evolutionary arguments. The debate is set up in terms of a religion/science debate but it is not. Evolution is always the assumption. Naturalism rules. Dawkins is determined to take this view regardless of facts. Religion is put in the non-real realm. Evolutionary theory is not so much anti-God as anti-science. Johnson argued that we must be more scientific and follow the facts wherever they lead (Darwin on trial 1991 also note Reason in the balance 1995). At first the ID movement was not so much anti-evolution but a reaction to new science and discovery.
We were shown a clip of Michael Behe (Darwin's Black box) and Scott Minnich speaking of the complexity in humanity (as discovered since the fifties) and how it speaks so clearly of design. Darwinism has no way of explaining such things. The cell is outrageously complex - the opposite of what 19th Century scientists expected.
Mathematician William Dembski wrote The Design Inference in 1998 seeking to set out a rigorous mathematical way of detecting design. His publishers CUP were happy with the idea but became nervous about the application to biology. Dembski speaks of evidence of design very narrowly and certainly does not seek to identify the Designer. (Dembski would not see a snowflake as designed). CUP also published (2004) Debating Design.
Anthony Flue is one who has now moved, because of ID arguments, to a belief in a God. ID has had a high media profile. Christians are unclear what to think. The media often lump it in with creationism but it is only a scientific theory and not necessarily biblical. It is useful for puncturing the naturalism bubble. Unlike creationism some scientists are at least willing to consider ID. It cannot save but it is our friend. ID is like the airforce and creationism the ground forces!
(To be continued)
Again we started with an apt quote from Luther. Yesterday it was the hammer of the law and today a reminder that we always have more to learn with regard to the matter of justification by faith. Again we had an excellent walk through interacting especially with the new perspective on Paul, acknowledging insights where possible but more often pointing out its misreadings. We also had a few anecdotes such as his wondering at one time why his Christian life was such a struggle and then remembering that we have no reservoir of strength but need to rely always on God and about praying for things with faith and realism. Abraham's perseverance in faith is a great example to us and reminds us that justification is only by faith.
There was time for a few questions on the new perspective and assurance and then it was time for coffee.
1. Rightly assess your call - Who are you? (1 Cor 4:1-6)
Speaking up very much for the traditional understanding of the call he spoke of the call to shepherd the sheep, to reach the perishing and to proclaim Jesus as Lord and ourselves as his servants.
2. Know you are in the place of ministry where you should be - Where are you? (1 Cor 4:7-12)
Hopefully you know you are in just the place you know you should be. Think of Bunyan's faithfulness to his 120 in Bedford when he could gathers hundreds in London.
The need is a voice for the hour and an hour for the voice. He also spoke of the importance of suffering.
He asked are you remembering where the power comes from? (But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us.)
We should expect opposition.
We need to keep the focus on the person of Jesus and be sure that we are in the place of his providential ordering.
3. Rightly assess the length of your ministry - Why are you there? To make known the Living God (1 Cor 4:13-15)
He quoted some helpful things from my father-in-law (Geoff Thomas) on finding a place and settling there – including the helpfulness of attending ministers conferences. He advocated not planning to go but being willing to stay but planning to stay but being willing to go. He referred to Gilbert Tennant's response to Whitefield – wanting not to die but to live as long as I can and to do my people as much good as I can.
4. Get your aim in ministry right - What are you doing? Living in the light of eternity (1 Cor 4:16-18)
He spoke alliteratively of
Persevering (Therefore we do not lose heart.)
Plodding - a long obedience in the same direction. (Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day)
Preparation (For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all.)
Perception (So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.)
He concluded with these words:
Aim to remain
Aim to sustain – word centred, warm hearted
Aim to proclaim – Jesus
Aim to obtain – crown of life, righteousness.
This was warm hearted and useful stuff worth hearing. A good discussion followed.
Beginning with an amusing reference to the response of a Swiss chocolatier to the Calvin anniversary, David went on to remind us of important aspects of Calvin's character and history. His burden was that Calvin was a real human being not the austere and lifeless plaster saint or tyrant sometimes presented. A man of action, he felt his heart was in God's hand. Fearless and determined, he sought to base all that he taught on Scripture, leaving a monumental legacy in his writings, especially the Institutes. Under his hand Geneva became a centre that had an incalculable impact in many countries – not just in Christian terms but as far as politics and democracy are concerned too. He was every inch a Frenchman, full of tenderness and affection towards his fellow countrymen. Calvin's greatest skill was putting things in their right place. How important that is. Often that is the problem in churches. Things are misplaced and given the wrong emphasis.
Calvin was a man with a sense of humour and a man with a great capacity for life long friendship. His brilliance and his capacity for hard work was evident at a young age. At the same time he was a very modest and by nature a very private man. (The nearest he comes to personal reference is in his preface to his work on the Psalms). His appetite for hard study affected his health and no doubt this was made worse by his temperament. He suffered from many diseases but his strong constitution no doubt helped him to live as long and to be as productive as he did.
Tracing his various movements David referred to a short stay in Italy where he and Mareau worked on a psalter. The two young men were often attractive to the ladies of the court. Calvin was always chiefly concerned to bear witness to them. It was en route from Noyon to Basle that he was eventually confronted in Geneva by Farel in a historic meeting. The rest, as they say, is history. How one explains this except as an act of God is difficult to see.
Reformation was the aim in Geneva. It was an uphill struggle and Calvin did not always get his way. Calvin's influence was very great. Apart from anything he trained many men for the ministry, including 88 men who went to France, 10 of them dying as martyrs He was from Picardy. They are known as 'the southerners of the north'. They have a Latin temperament and are great lovers of freedom. Calvin's obstinacy and quick temper were no doubt partly due to this. He confesses at one time about his temper 'I have not been able to tame this ferocious beast'.
David also spoke about his way of writing. He used popular proverbs (eg sickness comes on a horse and leaves on foot), sometimes earthy language and always plain and straightforward language. He was always fearful of not being clear enough.
Calvin was married for 8 years to the widow Idelette de Bure. She brought two sons to the marriage. They themselves had two children but they died as infants. This clearly affected him though he never let go of the fact of God's sovereignty.
Since the Apostle Paul there probably has not been a greater minister.
(David referred to a 1964 Puritan Paper on Calvin by O R Johnston worth checking out on these matters).
This is one of two Doddridge hymns for the new year in New Christian Hymns that we sang yesterday,
Great God, we sing Your mighty hand
By which supported still we stand;
The opening year Your mercy shows,
That mercy crowns it ’til its close.
By day, by night, at home, abroad,
Still are we guarded by our God,
By His incessant bounty fed,
By His unerring counsel led.
With grateful hearts the past we own;
The future, all to us unknown,
We to Thy guardian care commit,
And peaceful leave before Thy feet.
In scenes exalted or depressed,
You are our joy, and You our rest;
Your goodness all our hopes shall raise,
Adored through all our changing days.
When death shall interrupt our songs
And seal in silence mortal tongues,
In fairer realms, O God, shall we
Your praises sing eternally.
Again, we are taught by this passage [John 5:39-40], that if we wish to obtain the knowledge of Christ, we must seek it from the Scriptures; for they who imagine whatever they choose concerning Christ will ultimately have nothing of him but a shadowy phantom. First, then, we ought to believe that Christ cannot be properly known in any other way than from the Scriptures; and if it be so, it follows that we ought to read the Scriptures with the express design of finding Christ in them. Whoever shall turn aside from this object, although he may weary himself throughout his whole life in learning, will never attain the knowledge of the truth; for what wisdom can we have without the wisdom of God? Next, as we are commanded to seek Christ in the Scriptures, so he declares in this passage that our labours shall not be fruitless; for the Father testifies in them concerning his Son in such a manner that he will manifest him to us beyond all doubt. But what hinders the greater part of men from profiting is, that they give to the subject nothing more than a superficial and cursory glance. Yet it requires the utmost attention, and, therefore, Christ enjoins us to search diligently for this hidden treasure. Consequently, the deep abhorrence of Christ which is entertained by the Jews, who have the Law constantly in their hands, must be imputed to their indolence. For the lustre of the glory of God shines brightly in Moses, but they choose to have a veil to obscure that lustre.
So then, from this we must gather that to profit much in the Holy Scripture we must always resort to our Lord Jesus Christ and cast our eyes upon him, without turning away from him at any time. You will see a number of people who labour very hard indeed at reading the Holy Scriptures - they do nothing else but turn over the leaves of it, and yet after ten years they have as much knowledge of it as if they had never read a single line. And why? Because they do not have any particular aim in view, they only wander about. And even in worldly learning you will see a great number who take pains enough, and yet all to no purpose, because they kept neither order nor proportion, nor do anything else but gather material from this quarter and from that, by means of which they are always confused and can never bring anything worthwhile. And although they have gathered together a number of sentences of all sorts, yet nothing of value results from them. Even so it is with them that labour in reading the Holy Scriptures and do not know which is the point they ought to rest on, namely, the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
John Calvin, Sermon on Ephesians 2:19-22 (1559).
According to Wikipedia (more here) condensed milk or sweetened condensed milk, is cow's milk from which water has been removed and to which sugar has been added, yielding a very thick, sweet product that can last for years without refrigeration if unopened. The two terms, condensed milk and sweetened condensed milk, have become synonymous; though there have been unsweetened condensed milk products, today these are uncommon. Condensed milk is used in numerous dessert dishes in many countries, especially in Russia and the former Soviet Union. A related product is evaporated milk, which has undergone a more complex process and which is not sweetened.
(2 Chr 9:29, 12:15, 13:22)
2. Ahijah the Shilonite who prophesied against Jeroboam (1 Kin 11:29-39; 14:1-18)
3. Shemaiah who prophesied to Rehoboam (2 Chr 11:2-4; 12:5-7, 15)
4. Azariah son of Oded who prophesied to Asa (2 Chr 15:1-8)
5. Hanani the Seer who also prophesied to Asa (2 Chr 16:7-10)
6. Micaiah, son of Imlah who prophesied to Ahab and Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 18:7-27)
7. Jehu son of Hanani who prophesied to Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 19:2, 3; 1 Kin 16:1-7)
8. Jahaziel son of Zechariah, a Levite and descendant of Asaph, who also prophesied to Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 20:14-17)
9. Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah who again prophesied against Jehoshaphat
(2 Chr 20:37)
10. Oded who prophesied in the time of Ahaz (2 Chr 28:9-11)
11. Huldah the Prophetess, the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath, who was approached by Hilkiah and others (2 Kin 22:14-20, 2 Chr 34:22-28)
12. Urijah son of Shemaiah killedin Jeremiah's time (Jer 26:20-23)
Paper 2: The validity of the three-fold division of the Mosaic Law in Scripture
Paper 3: One Covenant or two – the relationship between the Old and the New
Paper 5: The use of the Mosaic Law in society today
Paper 6: Where do we go from here?
A diolch o'r newydd, (deuwn & diolch, d
Cans o'th law y daw bob dydd (law & daw rhyming, daw & dydd, d
Ein lluniaeth a'n llawenydd. (ein lluniaeth & a'n llawenydd, ll-
O Father, the happy family comes to thank anew, Because from your hand comes each day our food and our joy. Amen.
It appears to have been written by W. D. Williams (1900-1985).